Isothermal depressurization, titration, particle size distributions and solids onset determinations experiments with visual and Near-Infrared (NIR) detection systems provide insight into the conditions at which asphaltenes will flocculate.
Determination of wax appearance temperature (WAT) and wax dissolution temperature through various tests based on the sample type. Determination of WAT can be measured on atmospheric or live fluid.
Understanding temperature and pressure conditions where a stable hydrate phase may form provides guidance to facility and transport processes where water and hydrocarbons are in contact. Hydrates can block pipe and other process equipment, reducing operational life, cutting revenue and represent a serious safety hazard.
Laboratory tests to refine and prove the geochemical model prediction of inorganic scale induced by thermodynamic changes, fluid mixing or corrosion.